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burn care

  • First Aid for Burns

    Do you know how to provide First Aid for burns? Many burn injuries occur in the home while doing everyday tasks like laundry or cooking a meal. Those everyday, run-of-the-mill moments can turn into dangerous situations with life-long effects, as demonstrated in the story below:

    When the wires in her family's laundry room overheated, setting her home on fire, Hayley Dabbs of Eden, North Carolina began her journey as a burn survivor at the age of three. Now 19 years old, as she grew older, Hayley became increasingly self-conscious about the burn scars that covered 80% of her body.

    Recently, Hayley’s story went viral on Facebook: “after years of hiding from herself and the world, she became tired of missing out on life.” Her inspiring message of hope for those suffering from self-image issues challenged those living with burn injuries to not let their injuries dictate their lives. Read more of Hayley’s story.


    Recognizing and Treating Different Burns

    If you find yourself in one of these situations, how can you help to reduce the life-altering effects of a serious burn? Knowing how to identify and treat different types of burns can be the difference between permanent damage and an infection-free and (relatively) fast recovery. There are various degrees and types of burns. Each has their own set of symptoms and best treatment methods. Learn what to look for so you know how to treat burns properly, whether on yourself or someone else.


    Girl having her arm wrapped in gauze

    1st degree burn (also called superficial burn)

    First degree burns are the least serious because only the outer layer of skin is burned. They usually take about 3 to 6 days to heal. Common 1st degree burns are sunburns or burns from hot drinks. Symptoms include:

    • Red Skin
    • Swelling
    • Pain

    Usually these more superficial burns do not require medical attention from a doctor. To treat a first degree burn you should:

    • Hold the burn under cool running water for several minutes
    • Cover the burn with a sterile, non-stick bandage to avoid infection, depending on the severity of the burn.
    • Give the victim an aspirin or pain reliever
    • Soothe the area with a burn cream like [BurnFree]


    2nd degree burn (also called partial-thickness burn)

    A second degree burn occurs when the first and second layers of skin are burned. Its symptoms include:

    • Blisters
    • Severe Pain and swelling
    • Skin has a red and blotchy appearance

    Depending on the severity of the second degree burn, the National Safety Council suggests that if the burn is no larger than 3 inches in diameter, treat it as a minor/first degree burn.

    If the burn is larger than 3 inches in diameter:

    • Seek medical attention
    • Soak the burn in cool water for 15 minutes. If the burn is on the back or chest, gently pour cool water over it using a bucket or container.
    • If the burn is minor and small (but larger than 3 inches in diameter), place a cool, wet cloth or compress on the burn for at least 5 minutes.
    • If the burn is severe (we’re talking tons of blisters, redness, and swelling) keep soaking the burn in cool water until you can get to a doctor.
    • If the burn is extensive you can put cool, wet compresses on the burn, but do not put cloth directly on the wound. Cloth fibers will attach to it, making the pain worse—especially when the doctor has to rip it off to treat the wound. For tips on how to wrap the wound and apply a cool compress, check out [familyeducation.com.]
    • Do not break blisters or try to remove clothing stuck to the burn. Get to a doctor who can more effectively (and gently… and safely) remove melted-on or charred clothing.
    • Give the victim a pain killer or Ibuprofen (if they are an adult). Inform medical personnel which pain killer was given, how much, and at what time.
    • University of Maryland Medical Center also suggests elevating the burn above the heart.


    3rd degree burn (also called full-thickness burn)

    A third-degree burn occurs when all layers of the skin are burned and cause permanent damage to the skin, tissue, muscle, or even the bone. Its symptoms include:

    • Charred skin on the burn site
    • Skin may appear dry and white
    • Difficulty breathing (if smoke inhalation accompanies burn)

    No ifs, ands, or buts about it—get this person to a doctor!

    • If they are on fire, have them stop, drop, and roll—or help them extinguish the fire by smothering it with a blanket.
    • Call 911.
    • Check that the victim is breathing. If necessary, use CPR to re-start circulation and breathing.
    • Continue to check vital signs (pulse, rate of breathing, blood pressure) until the ambulance arrives.
    • New York Time’s Health section suggests that you should take these steps to prevent shock:
      • Lay the person flat; elevate the feet about 12 inches.
      • Cover the person with a coat or blanket.
      • However, do NOT place the person in this shock position if a head, neck, back, or leg injury is suspected or if it makes the person uncomfortable.


    What Other Types of Burns are there? How can I treat them?

    Many times when we think of a burn, we just think of fire or sunburns. But there are several other types of burns that you can experience. Here are some tips for how to treat two of the most common:

    Chemical burn:

    • Find out what chemical caused the burn.
    • Call 9-1-1.
    • Move the victim away from fumes of the chemical or ventilate the area.
    • Flush the area with running water for twenty minutes, wrap with a sterile bandage until Medical assistance arrives.
    • DO NOT remove any clothing before you begin flushing the area.
    • If the chemical burn is in the eyes or mouth:
      • Call 9-1-1 immediately.
      • Flush the burn until the ambulance arrives or you can get medical attention.

    Electrical burn:

    • Make sure the victim is away from electrical source and that the current is not running through them still before you touch them.
    • Turn off the source of the electrical current if you can do so safely and quickly.
    • Check for breathing and administer CPR if needed.
    • Treat for shock.
    • Cover the affected area with a sterile bandage.
    • Seek medical attention.


    What should you NEVER do when treating a burn?

    According to the National Safety Council:

    • Never remove any clothing that is stuck to the burnt skin, wrap in a sterile dressing or clean sheet.
    • Do not soak large burn injuries in water—it may cause shock; use cool, wet compresses instead.
    • Never use ice on a burn.
    • Don’t put oils, butters, or ointments on severe second and third degree burns. Doing so may cause skin to fall off and increase chances of infection to the area.
    • Never pop blisters.


    Burn injuries can have devastating effects. It is important to learn first aid for burns--the techniques you'll master will help minimize those negative effects and help the victim to recover successfully.

















  • New Product! Sunburn Rescue by BurnFree

    Have no fear! Sunburn Rescue is here!

    The amazing, quick-action relief of BurnFree is coming to a sunburn near (or on) you. For nearly 20 years, BurnFree has been a leading first-aid burn care product used by militaries, EMTs, and medical professionals across the globe.

    Urban Girl vouches for BurnFree. “It’s better than anything else I’ve ever used, hands down.” Read the rest of Sarah’s story here. (It’ll make you want to run out and get BurnFree now.)

    Bottle of Sunburn Rescue gel by BurnFree

    Burnfree’s Sunburn Rescue has tea tree oil to help cool and soothe topical burns. It’s formulated to stop the progression of burns, not just alleviate pain. The hydrogel stops burns by pulling the heat out of burn; the heat in the gel causes evaporation so the heat moves into the air, and away from the burn.

    You shouldn’t use Sunburn Rescue on any part of a burn that has broken the skin (it will sting like the Dickens), but for all your sunburns this summer, BurnFree Sunburn Rescue is the product you want. Be generous in applying it to your burnt skin, and apply as frequently as you like. You’ll see the result and feel things cool down quickly.

    Enjoy the summer sun! (But safely, of course. Don’t forget your sunscreen!)

    Emergency Essentials is BurnFree’s exclusive vendor for Sunburn Rescue. You won’t find it anywhere else. Click here to order or to learn more about Sunburn Rescue and other BurnFree products.

  • Burnfree Pain Relieving Gel




    When I was fourteen-years-old, my great-uncle experienced a third degree oil burn while frying fish for our family dinner. My grandmother and I, who were the only ones home, had no idea what to do and my uncle refused to go to a hospital. Growing up in the depression era, my uncle was used to using home remedies to solve all of his ailments, but this burn needed greater medical attention than his home remedies could provide.

    As a fourteen-year-old, I was terrified at the sight of the burn and knew nothing about burn care. If only I had known about Emergency Essentials and products like the BURNFREE Pain Relieving Gel, my uncle may have been saved a portion of the medical expenses and treatments that he had to face because he did not know how to properly take care of his burn wounds.

    Imagine cooking a family meal in the kitchen, like my uncle was, and then having a burn emergency that requires urgent care. What would you do? How would you treat the burn effectively? If you have a BURNFREE Pain Relieving Gel stored in the kitchen, you can pop out the gel and use it to immediately avoid any infection to the area and begin to lessen the pain. *

    The BURNFREE Pain Relieving Gel was specifically developed for first-aid use on burns and scalds. By storing one of these bottles in your home, you can begin to care for burns properly before the burn creates any devastating effects to your body. And because not all burns are third-degree magnitude, this gel allows you to treat burns in a variety of situations.

    MF-B515 BurnFree 4 oz. Gel

    Help your family know exactly where to turn for aid in the event of a burn emergency by getting the BURNFREE Pain Relieving Gel. This gel is originally priced at $4.95 each, but with your group savings, you can purchase this preparedness essential for $3.00 a bottle. At least 24 bottles much be purchased to receive this discount. These incredible savings will potentially save you or your loved ones from the painful and lasting effects of a burn injury.


    *In the event of a third degree burn, seek immediate medical attention


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